December 23rd, 1912: Indian revolutionary underground in Bengal and Punjab, headed by Rash Behari Bose attempt to assassinate Viceroy of India Lord Hardinge.
Lord Charles Hardinge as Viceroy of India was part of a ceremonial procession into Delhi to mark the transfer of the Indian capital from Calcutta to Delhi in 1912 when Indian nationalists made an assassination attempt on him.
The so-called Delhi Conspiracy case was organized by revolutionary Rash Behari Bose who himself threw a handmade bomb at Lord Hardinge, seated upon an elephant. The Viceroy received flesh wounds but his servant who held a parasol over him was killed.
Bose escaped capture but the investigation and trial that followed convicted five men, four to death and one to imprisonment.
Although the assassination attempt marked a low point in the Viceroy’s term, he is remembered overall for improving relations between India and the British crown, helped by his criticism of South Africa’s policies towards Indians and by his admiration of Mahatma Gandhi.