George Washington

December 8th, 1776: George Washington’s retreating army crosses Delaware River from NJ.

Presidential Term: April 30, 1789 – March 4, 1797
Succeeded By: John Adams

Often titled the “father of the country”, Washington served as Commander of the Continental Army during the American Revolution and became the first President of the United States.

In his youth Washington joined the colonial militia in the first stages of the French and Indian War, and the following year the Second Continental Congress made him commander-in-chief in the Revolution. In this position Washington is praised for his selection and supervision of his generals; preservation and command of the army; coordination with the Congress, state governors, and their militia; and attention to supplies, logistics, and training.

After the Revolution, he resigned as commander-in-chief to prove his commitment to American republicanism. He was chosen to lead the Constitutional Convention to decide the new government’s form and was then elected its first President.

Washington’s term in office saw the creation of a number of fundamental institutions and conventions that helped build the fledgling state. This included supporting Alexander Hamilton’s creation of a national bank, and the introduction of the cabinet system.

He refused to govern for a third term and retired to his home in Mount Vernon, where he died in 1799.

Born: February 22, 1732
Birthplace: Westmoreland, Virginia, USA

Died: December 14, 1799 (aged 67)
Cause of Death: Possibly epiglottitis which caused hypovolemic shock

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